Thursday, April 6, 2017

Beginer Buddhist Course Syllabus By Ancient Pali Canon (Ganthadhura And Vipassanādhura)

I concluded this subject from cakkhupālatheravatthu in dhammapadaṭṭhakathā and vinayapitaka and commentary.

Cakkhupāla live with upajjhā, who graduated in bhikkhuparisūpaṭṭhāpaka course, to practice himself to be graduate in nissayamuccaka course.

#What is nissayamuccaka course, that every monk, like cakkhupāla, must be done, before choose his way in ganthadhura or vipassanādhura?


There are 2 course of beginner, layman/novice course and nissayamuccaka course.

#layman/novice course

In the introduction of khuddakapātha-commentary said about that 'At 1st saṅgāyanā, 500 bikkhu had concluded some little texts, that popular to teach the newbie in buddhism. It was called kuddhakapātha. It content 9 texts: saraṇa, sikkhāpada, dvattiṃsākāra, kumārapañha, maṅgalasutta, ratanasutta, tirokuṭṭa, nidhikaṇḍa, mettasutta'.

Note: this is the reason the why all theravāda country always teach to memorize these 9 sutta first. They teach follow to 1st saṅgāyanā commentary's syllabus.

#nissayamuccaka course (for person who has done the first course)

In ovādakasikkhāpada-commentary wrote about 7 titles course syllabus:

  1. Bhikkhu must skillfully memorized bhikkhu and bhikkhuni pāṭimokkha, fluently, be firmly fixed in the mind, understand clearly, word by word, meaning by meaning, and the whole story.
  2. Bhikkhu must skillfully memorized 4 bhāṇavāra (about 4 multiple of mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta), fluently, be firmly fixed in the mind, understand clearly, word by word, meaning by meaning, and the whole story.
  3. Bhikkhu must understand every saṇghakamma.
  4. Bhikkhu must learn kathāmagga (abbrev of bikkhu advising such as cūḷalāhulovādasutta).
  5. Bhikkhu must learn 3 sutta for 3 biṇḍapāta jobs: vivāha, maṅgala, and avamaṅgala.
  6. Bhikkhu must understand clearly through samathayānika way or vipassanāyanika way.
  7. Bhikkhu must live with upajjhā at least 5 years.
These 7 titles must be done, to be nissayamuccaka. Nissayamuccaka can go everywhere without upajjhā.

When cakkhupāla had done nissayamuccaka course in 5 years, then he made the decision between ganthadhura, or vipassanādhura.

#Ganthadhura and Vipassanādhura

In cakkhupālatheravatthu declared Ganthadhura and Vipassanādhura as: as:

Ganthadhura is job of  nissayamuccaka or higher, who memorized tipitaka and learn commentary such as 1 nikāya, 2 nikāya, or whole tipitaka.

Vipassanādhura is job of  nissayamuccaka or higher, who has not enlighten, then trow every stuff, go to live without 5 kāmaguṇa, then do udayabbayañāṇa and higher, with a purposeful mind (can trow away their life to enlighten) to go to enlighten.

Both need to memorize tipitaka more than nissayamuccaka, too. Ganthadhura memorize books, but Vipassanādhura memorize their sutta and commentary, that they use to meditate.

See: http://unmixedtheravada.blogspot.com/2016/09/tipitaka-memorization-is-rule-of-monks.html

cakkhupālatheravatthu
pabbajissāmevāhaṃ, tātāti tassa viravantasseva satthu santikaṃ gantvā pabbajjaṃ yācitvā laddhapabbajjūpasampado ācariyupajjhāyānaṃ santike pañca vassāni vasitvā vuṭṭhavasso pavāretvā satthāramupasaṅkamitvā vanditvā pucchi – ‘‘bhante, imasmiṃ sāsane kati dhurānī’’ti? ‘‘ganthadhuraṃ, vipassanādhuranti dveyeva dhurāni bhikkhū’’tiฯ ‘‘katamaṃ pana, bhante, ganthadhuraṃ, katamaṃ vipassanādhura’’nti? ‘‘attano paññānurūpena ekaṃ vā dve vā nikāye sakalaṃ vā pana tepiṭakaṃ buddhavacanaṃ uggaṇhitvā tassa dhāraṇaṃ, kathanaṃ, vācananti idaṃ ganthadhuraṃ nāma, sallahukavuttino pana pantasenāsanābhiratassa attabhāve khayavayaṃ paṭṭhapetvā sātaccakiriyavasena vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā arahattaggahaṇanti idaṃ vipassanādhuraṃ nāmā’’tiฯ ‘‘bhante, ahaṃ mahallakakāle pabbajito ganthadhuraṃ pūretuṃ na sakkhissāmi, vipassanādhuraṃ pana pūressāmi, kammaṭṭhānaṃ me kathethā’’tiฯ athassa satthā yāva arahattaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathesiฯ

so satthāraṃ vanditvā attanā sahagāmino bhikkhū pariyesanto saṭṭhi bhikkhū labhitvā tehi saddhiṃ nikkhamitvā vīsayojanasatamaggaṃ gantvā ekaṃ mahantaṃ paccantagāmaṃ patvā tattha saparivāro piṇḍāya pāvisiฯ manussā vattasampanne bhikkhū disvāva pasannacittā āsanāni paññāpetvā nisīdāpetvā paṇītenāhārena parivisitvā, ‘‘bhante, kuhiṃ ayyā gacchantī’’ti pucchitvā ‘‘yathāphāsukaṭṭhānaṃ upāsakā’’ti vutte paṇḍitā manussā ‘‘vassāvāsaṃ senāsanaṃ pariyesanti bhadantā’’ti ñatvā, ‘‘bhante, sace ayyā imaṃ temāsaṃ idha vaseyyuṃ, mayaṃ saraṇesu patiṭṭhāya sīlāni gaṇheyyāmā’’ti āhaṃsuฯ tepi ‘‘mayaṃ imāni kulāni nissāya bhavanissaraṇaṃ karissāmā’’ti adhivāsesuṃฯ

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Lao Monks Reformed By Thai Central Region, About A Hundred Year Ago


Pa-Auk (Burma) equal to Mun Bhuritutta (Thailand). They are tipitaka memorizers.
But nowadays, thai monks are not tipitaka memorizers, and lao monks are the copy of thai monks.

About a hundred year ago, in colonization war, thailand began to lost our tipitaka memorizing system. We need to get western's learning culture to protect our land from colonial possession. The central region of Siam reform memorizing learning system to academic learning system. Mun's students (Phun acaro, etc) were the last tipitaka memorizers of thailand.

Mun was the north-eastern region of thailand, that got reform order from the central region. And Lao was the north-eastern colony of thailand at that time. So Lao tipitaka memorizing learning system had began to lost since that time, too.

Nowadays, Lao monks equal to thai mahanikaya tradition. They are not forest tradition.

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Paññā Is "Wisdom Access Insight Knowledge's Aspect", Ñāṇa Is "Experienced Wisdom To Access Insight"

taṃ ñātaṭṭhena ñāṇaṃ, pajānanaṭṭhena paññāฯ
(paṭisam.)

ñāṇapañcakaniddeso
[75] kathaṃ abhiññāpaññā ñātaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, pariññāpaññā tīraṇaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, pahānepaññā pariccāgaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, bhāvanā paññā ekarasaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, sacchikiriyāpaññā phassanaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ? ye ye dhammā abhiññātā honti, te te dhammā ñātā hontiฯ ye ye dhammā pariññātā honti, te te dhammā tīritā hontiฯ ye ye dhammā pahīnā honti, te te dhammā pariccattā hontiฯ ye ye dhammā bhāvitā honti, te te dhammā ekarasā hontiฯ ye ye dhammā sacchikatā honti, te te dhammā phassitā hontiฯ taṃ ñātaṭṭhena ñāṇaṃ, pajānanaṭṭhena paññāฯ tena vuccati – ‘‘abhiññā paññā ñātaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, pariññā paññā tīraṇaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, pahāne paññā pariccāgaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, bhāvanā paññā ekarasaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ, sacchikiriyā paññā phusanaṭṭhe ñāṇaṃ’’ฯ
(paṭisam.)

abhiññātā hontīti dhammasabhāvalakkhaṇajānanavasena suṭṭhu ñātā hontiฯ
(paṭisam.attha.)

"abhiññāta" word, in another context, also used closely this meaning.

Where Is Abhidhamma In 1st Saṇggāyanā

Sariputta and his students is the memorizers of abhidhamma. So It is nothing amazing.
Sariputta is second only to buddha, in teaching (Buddha declared in AN.Ekakanipāta.Ekapuggala). So the ancient commentary at first sangayana have many abhidhamma.

In mahāgosiṇghasālasutta and saṇgītisutta, also let us know that every memorizers, upali (Vinaya), ananda (DN), sariputta's student(MN), mahakassapa (SN), anuruddha (AN), in 1st saṇggāyanā, often go to listen sāriputta.

That is the answer of :
  1. "Why we see many abhidhamma in sutta of sariputta?",
  2. "Why parivāra of upāli have paṭṭhāna?",
  3. "Why mahakassapa declared 'don't edit/add anything into buddha's pannatti', in 1st saṇggāyanā?",
  4. "Why commentary often said 'dīghabhāṇaka said... but majjhimabhāṇaka said...'?",
  5. "Why buddhaghosācāra said 'atthappakāsanatthaṃ, aṭṭhakathā ādito vasisatehi;pañcahi yā saṅgītā, anusaṅgītā ca pacchāpiฯ' and 'samayaṃ
  6. avilomento, therānaṃ theravaṃsapadīpānaṃ; sunipuṇavinicchayānaṃ, mahāvihāre nivāsīnaṃฯ hitvā punappunāgatamatthaṃ, atthaṃ
  7. pakāsayissāmi; sujanassa ca tuṭṭhatthaṃ, ciraṭṭhitatthañca dhammassaฯ'"?
  8. Etc.


Abhidhamma is sāriputta's literal. He is not "the best in memorizing, such as ānanda", but buddha said "he is second only to buddha, in teaching".

So, It is nothing amazing, that abhidhamma literal is difference from sutta, because of "it is sāriputta's literal. It is not ānanda's".

Another, abhidhamma is in 1st saṇgayanā by sāriputta's students, that included ānanda ,kassapa, anuruddha, upāli (mahāgosiṇghasālasutta and saṇgītisutta).

This reply is compatible with sutta, more than anti-abhidhammist's comment.

Let's See: How It Hard To Let People Get In "Self" Word Of Diṭṭhi And Māna

(This map are not completed)
Click to see full image.

3 lokiya elementary particles & relationship (4 paramattha & paṭiccasamuppāda, and paṭṭhāna)

  • is thought (manodvāra)
    • by sammādiṭṭhi ,that know right relation
      • know truth idea (4 ariyasacca, 4 noble truths)
      • know right knowledge about relationships of elementary particles (dhammaṭṭhitiñāṇa, paccayapariggahañāṇa)
      • must arise with kusala, wholesome-minds
        • so kasala is the first in ovādapāṭimokkha
      • make truth name, make truth word
      • Example: "self" idea of vipassana-meditators and ariya
        • elementary particles's arising and banishing, that are called "self", can happen just up on many relationships of causes's and effects's arising and banishing
          • each elementary particle is causes of it's effects.
          • each elementary particle is effects of it's causes.
          • so, self (attā) is imagine (upādāyapaññatti), or words (nāmapaññatti) of elementary particles (aggregates 5)
          • nothing out of elementary particles's relationship
            • but
              • diṭṭhi faking puthujana
              • taṇhā attached everything of puthujana
              • avijjā blinding puthujana
      • see abhidhamma, especially paṭṭhāna
        • name of paṭṭhāna-book is used as apart of mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta, because of paṭṭhāna-book
          • samudayavayadhammānupassī
          • mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta is sutta, that taught about vipassana in causes of paṭṭhāna
      • know perfect answer of 6 questions
        • 3 payojana: How to happy now, this life? How to happy in the future, next life? How to nibbana?
        • 3 payojana: How to make self happy? How to make the other happy? How to make people, included self, happy?
    • by micchādiṭṭhi
      • know chimerical idea
      • know wrong knowledge about relationship of elementary particles
        • yathābhuccagahaṇābhāvena micchā passatīti micchādiṭṭhiฯ sā ‘‘natthi dinna’’ntiādinā nayena viparītadassanalakkhaṇāฯ samphappalāpo viya appasāvajjā mahāsāvajjā caฯ apica aniyatā appasāvajjā, niyatā mahāsāvajjāฯ tassā dve sambhārā vatthuno ca gahitākāraviparītatā, yathā ca taṃ gaṇhāti, tathābhāvena tassūpaṭṭhānantiฯ
      • must arise with lobha (taṇhā, diṭṭhupādāna), that always arise with akusala (unwholesome minds)
      • make fake name, make fake word
      • Example: "self" idea, and word of general people (puthujana), that live out of buddhism
        • is defined by relationship of elementary particles
          • that have no relationship
            • micchādiṭṭhi, that must give only hell-born effect (niyatamicchādiṭṭhi)
              • no cause of "self"
              • no effect "self"
              • no both, cause and effect of "self"
            • perfect micchādiṭṭhi of akusalakammapatha
              • 10 micchādiṭṭhi
          • that have wrong relationship (visamahetukadiṭṭhi)
            • imperfect micchādiṭṭhi of akusalakammapatha
            • sīla, samatha-meditation, without vipassana, of "meditater self", for nibbāna
            • "god self", that is despot of general people self
          • that have unlimited relationship, stay forever, no arising, or no banishing
            • "self" will happen forever, in whatever causes (sassatadiṭṭhi)
            • "self" will not happen forever, in whatever causes (ucchedadiṭṭhi)
          • that is despot of relationship, is perfect cause of effects
            • "self", that is despot of effects, is/have/is in/is cover, elementary particles, that are effects (20 sakkāyadiṭṭhi)
      • see 62 diṭṭhi in bhrammajālasutta
    • by māna
      • pay attention at difference of 3 lokiya elementary particle, but don't pay attention at the same tilakkhaṇa
        • paying attention at the same tilakkhaṇa, is paying attention at relationships (causes and effects)
      • must arise with lobha (taṇhā, diṭṭhupādāna), that always arise with akusala (unwholesome minds)
  • is sensed (5 dvāra)
    • up on past kamma
    • can't know relationship
  • mind 121, mind's object 52, matter 28
  • elementary particles are grouped as aggregates 5, sense doors 12, element 18, etc.
    • group is the easier way to see tilakkhaṇa, instead of each elementary particles seeing
    • use in sammasanañāṇa and above
  • If whole 3 lokiya elementary particles will surly perfect finish in the future, it is saupādisesanibbāna.
    If whole 3 lokiya elementary particles are perfect finish, it is anupādisesanibbāna.

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Saddhā Included Disprovable Truth, So Kālāmasutta Excluded "Trust In (Real) Rationalist Teacher"

And trust, in kamma+vipāka (causes and effects), is used to prove "the teacher is rationalist". Because people maybe have not enough ability to prove someone, ability, that better than their ability. So disprovable truth, such as the better ability person, is excluded in kālāmasutta.

So when people enlighten as sotāpanna, they must will never have any micchādiṭṭhi, that is wrong causes or wrong effects flavor, any more. And they also have a perfect, unchangable, trust in buddha and saṅghā, who are the real rationalists.